Xinjiang- Located in the North West of China, in the Mongolian Uplands, Xinjiang was a key link on the Silk Road and a hub for east-west cultural exchanges in ancient times. The local folklore is rich and varied. The historical name of the region is East Turkestan. The region has historically been populated by the Uyghurs, a people more closely related to those in Central Asia than the Han Chinese. Today the Han now form the majority of the population in the north while the west remains dominated by minority culture. Mandarin has become the primary language used in most major cities (although Uighur is still an official language in the region), which has resulted in a handful of ethnic clashes and tension in the area. But the Uyghur people are very honest, kind and open minded to foreigners making it a great travel destination. More information in wiki can be found HERE.